Effect of a lifestyle intervention on weight change in south Asian individuals in the UK at high risk of type 2 diabetes: a family-cluster randomised controlled trial

Bhopal, R. S. et al. (2014) Effect of a lifestyle intervention on weight change in south Asian individuals in the UK at high risk of type 2 diabetes: a family-cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, 2(3), pp. 218-227. (doi:10.1016/S2213-8587(13)70204-3)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(13)70204-3

Abstract

We did this non-blinded trial in two National Health Service (NHS) regions in Scotland (UK). Between July 1, 2007, and Oct 31, 2009, we recruited men and women of Indian and Pakistani origin, aged 35 years or older, with waist circumference 90 cm or greater in men or 80 cm or greater in women, and with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose determined by oral glucose tolerance test. Families were randomised (using a random number generator program, with permuted blocks of random size, stratified by location [Edinburgh or Glasgow], ethnic group [Indian or Pakistani], and number of participants in the family [one vs more than one]) to intervention or control. Participants in the same family were not randomised separately. The intervention group received 15 visits from a dietitian over 3 years and the control group received four visits in the same period. The primary outcome was weight change at 3 years. Analysis was by modified intention to treat, excluding participants who died or were lost to follow-up. We used linear regression models to provide mean differences in baseline-adjusted weight at 3 years.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gill, Professor Jason and Sattar, Professor Naveed
Authors: Bhopal, R. S., Douglas, A., Wallia, S., Forbes, J. F., Lean, M. E. J., Gill, J. M. R., McKnight, J. A., Sattar, N., Sheikh, A., Wild, S. H., Tuomilehto, J., Sharma, A., Bhopal, R., Smith, J. B. E., Butcher, I., and Murray, G. D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2213-8587
ISSN (Online):2213-8595
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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