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Cultural sediment analyses and transitions in early fishing activity at Langenesvret, Vestertlen, Northern Norway

Simpson, I.A., Perdikaris, S., Cook, G., Campbell, J.L., and Teesdale, W.J. (2000) Cultural sediment analyses and transitions in early fishing activity at Langenesvret, Vestertlen, Northern Norway. Geoarchaeology, 15 (8). pp. 743-763. ISSN 0883-6353 (doi:10.1002/1520-6548(200012)15:8<743::AID-GEA1>3.0.CO;2-S)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1520-6548(200012)15:8<743::AID-GEA1>3.0.CO;2-S

Abstract

The development of specialized and commercial fishing activity in the island archipelago of Lofoten and Vestertlen in northern Norway is a critical foundation from which to understand the subsequent spread of commercial fishing across the north Atlantic region during the medieval and early modern period. One little understood aspect of this development is the relationship between medieval commercial fishing stations (fiskevaer) and earlier fishing activity. In this article, cultural sediment deposits at Langenesvret, Vestertlen, Northern Norway provide an opportunity to examine this relationship and its implications for current historical models of fishing development in northern Norway and the north Atlantic region. Conventional and AMS radiocarbon dating techniques are used to establish a chronology for the deposits, while activities associated with the sediments are characterized using thin-section micromorphology supported by proton induced X-ray emission spectrometry (PIXE). The results suggest that the site commenced formation as early as ca. 3000 B.C. and that the site was first used for specialized fishing activity from the early centuries A.D. The medieval commercial fiskevaer settlement at Langenesvret was introduced to an area that had a longstanding tradition of specialised fishing activity.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s):Cook, Prof Gordon
Authors: Simpson, I.A., Perdikaris, S., Cook, G., Campbell, J.L., and Teesdale, W.J.
Subjects:Q Science > QE Geology
C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Geoarchaeology
ISSN:0883-6353

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