Transcriptional organization and regulation of expression of region 1 of the Escherichia coli K5 capsule gene cluster.

Simpson, D.A., Hammarton, T.C. and Roberts, I.S. (1996) Transcriptional organization and regulation of expression of region 1 of the Escherichia coli K5 capsule gene cluster. Journal of Bacteriology, 178(22), pp. 6466-6474.

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Publisher's URL: http://jb.asm.org/content/178/22/6466.long

Abstract

The transcriptional organization and regulation of region 1 expression of the Escherichia coli K5 capsule gene cluster were studied. Region 1 was transcribed as an 8.0-kb polycistronic mRNA which was processed to form a separate 1.3-kb transcript encoding the 3'-most gene kpsS. Transcription of region 1 of the E. coli K5 capsule gene cluster was directed from a single promoter 225 bp upstream of a previously unidentified gene, kpsF. The promoter had -35 and -10 consensus sequences typical of an E. coli sigma 70 promoter, with no similarities to binding sites for other sigma factors. Two integration host factor (IHF) binding site consensus sequences were identified 110 bp upstream and 130 bp downstream of the transcription start site. In addition, two AT-rich regions separated by 16 bp identified upstream of the region 1 promoter were conserved upstream of the region 3 promoter. The kpsF gene was 98.8% identical with the kpsF gene identified in the E. coli K1 antigen gene cluster and confirms that the kpsF gene is conserved among group II capsule gene clusters. An intragenic Rho-dependent transcriptional terminator was discovered within the kpsF gene. No essential role for KpsF in the expression of the K5 antigen could be established. The temperature regulation of region 1 expression was at the level of transcription, with no transcription detectable in cells grown at 18 degrees C. Mutations in regulatory genes known to control temperature-dependent expression of a number of virulence genes had no effect on the temperature regulation of region 1 expression. Likewise, RfaH, which is known to regulate expression of E. coli group II capsules had no effect on the expression of region 1. Mutations in the himA and himD genes which encode the subunits of the IHF led to a fivefold reduction in the expression of KpsE at 37 degrees C, confirming a regulatory role for IHF in the expression of region 1 genes.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hammarton, Dr Tansy
Authors: Simpson, D.A., Hammarton, T.C., and Roberts, I.S.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Bacteriology
Journal Abbr.:J. Bacteriol.
ISSN:0021-9193
ISSN (Online):1098-5530

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