Ethnic differences in Glycaemic control in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus living in Scotland

Negandhi, P.H., Ghouri, N., Colhoun, H.M., Fischbacher, C.M., Lindsay, R.S. , McKnight, J.A., Petrie, J. , Philip, S., Sattar, N. and Wild, S.H. (2013) Ethnic differences in Glycaemic control in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus living in Scotland. PLoS ONE, 8(12), e83292. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083292) (PMID:24358273) (PMCID:PMC3865180)

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Abstract

Background and Aims: Previous studies have investigated the association between ethnicity and processes of care and intermediate outcomes of diabetes, but there are limited population-based studies available. The aim of this study was to use population-based data to investigate the relationships between ethnicity and glycaemic control in men and women with diabetes mellitus living in Scotland.<p></p> Methods: We used a 2008 extract from the population-based national electronic diabetes database of Scotland. The association between ethnicity with mean glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus was examined in a retrospective cohort study, including adjustment for a number of variables including age, sex, socioeconomic status, body mass index (BMI), prescribed treatment and duration of diabetes.<p></p> Results: Complete data for analyses were available for 56,333 White Scottish adults, 2,535 Pakistanis, 857 Indians, 427 Chinese and 223 African-Caribbeans. All other ethnic groups had significantly (p<0.05) greater proportions of people with suboptimal glycaemic control (HbA1c >58 mmol/mol, 7.5%) compared to the White Scottish group, despite generally younger mean age and lower BMI. Fully adjusted odds ratios for suboptimal glycaemic control were significantly higher among Pakistanis and Indians (1.85, 95% CI: 1.68–2.04, and 1.62,95% CI: 1.38–1.89) respectively.<p></p> Conclusions: Pakistanis and Indians with type 2 diabetes mellitus were more likely to have suboptimal glycaemic control than the white Scottish population. Further research on health services and self-management are needed to understand the association between ethnicity and glycaemic control to address ethnic disparities in glycaemic control.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lindsay, Dr Robert and Ghouri, Dr Nazim and Petrie, Professor John and Sattar, Professor Naveed
Authors: Negandhi, P.H., Ghouri, N., Colhoun, H.M., Fischbacher, C.M., Lindsay, R.S., McKnight, J.A., Petrie, J., Philip, S., Sattar, N., and Wild, S.H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN:1932-6203
ISSN (Online):1932-6203
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in PLoS ONE 8(12):e83292
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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