Effect of facemasks on empathy and relational continuity: a randomised controlled trial in primary care

Wong, C.K., Yip, B.H., Mercer, S. , Griffiths, S., Kung, K., Wong, M.C., Chor, J. and Wong, S.Y. (2013) Effect of facemasks on empathy and relational continuity: a randomised controlled trial in primary care. BMC Family Practice, 14(200), (doi:10.1186/1471-2296-14-200)

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Abstract

<b>Background</b> There is limited evidence to support the use of facemasks in preventing infection for primary care professionals. Negative effects on communication has been suggested when the physician wears a facemask. As communication skills and doctor patient relationship are essential to primary care consultations, the effects of doctor’s facemask wearing were explored. <p></p> <b>Method</b> A randomised controlled study was conducted in primary care to explore the effects of doctors wearing facemasks on patients’ perception of doctors’ empathy, patient enablement and patient satisfaction. Primary care doctors were randomized to mask wearing and non mask wearing clinical consultations in public primary care clinics in Hong Kong. Patients’ views were gathered using the Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) Measure, Patient Enablement Instrument (PEI) and an overall satisfaction rating scale. The effects of face mask wearing were investigated using multilevel (hierarchical) modelling. <p></p> <b>Results</b> 1,030 patients were randomised to doctor-mask wearing consultations (n = 514) and non mask wearing consultations (n = 516). A significant and negative effect was found in the patients’ perception of the doctors’ empathy (CARE score reduction -0.98, p-value = 0.04). In the more established doctor-patient relationship, the effect of doctors’ mask wearing was more pronounced (CARE score reduction -5.67, p-value = 0.03). <p></p> <b>Conclusion</b> This study demonstrates that when doctors wearing a facemask during consultations, this has a significant negative impact on the patient’s perceived empathy and diminish the positive effects of relational continuity. Consideration should be taken in planning appropriate use of facemasks in infectious disease policy for primary care and other healthcare professionals at a national, local or practice level.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mercer, Professor Stewart
Authors: Wong, C.K., Yip, B.H., Mercer, S., Griffiths, S., Kung, K., Wong, M.C., Chor, J., and Wong, S.Y.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > General Practice and Primary Care
Journal Name:BMC Family Practice
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2296
ISSN (Online):1471-2296
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in BMC Family Practice 14:200
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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