Exploring subgroup effects by socioeconomic position of three effective school-based dietary interventions: the European TEENAGE project

Lien, N., Haerens, L., te Velde, S. J., Mercken, L., Klepp, K.-I., Moore, L. , Bourdeaudhuij, I. d., Faggiano, F. and van Lenthe, F. J. (2014) Exploring subgroup effects by socioeconomic position of three effective school-based dietary interventions: the European TEENAGE project. International Journal of Public Health, 59(3), pp. 493-502. (doi:10.1007/s00038-013-0524-8)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-013-0524-8

Abstract

<b>Objectives:</b> The aim of this study was to explore subgroup effects by high and low socioeconomic position (SEP) of three previously conducted, effective European interventions.<p></p> <b>Methods:</b> Reanalyses stratified by SEP were conducted by the research groups of each study. All studies were school-based: two multi-component interventions targeting intake of fat or fruit and vegetables (FV), and a free breakfast initiative.<p></p> <b>Results</b> Computer-tailored advice affected fat intake among low, but not high SEP girls after 1 year. A multi-component intervention affected the total FV intake in both SEP groups, vegetable intake in low SEP and fruit intake in high SEP across three countries after 1 year, whereas free fruit affected total FV and fruit intake equally in both SEP groups in one country after 2 years. Providing a free healthy breakfast increased consumption of healthy food items only in the low SEP group.<p></p> <b>Conclusions</b> Reanalysing intervention studies by SEP is a quick and easy way to explore patterns in effects by SEP across interventions. Providing healthy food might be a promising strategy for decreasing social inequalities.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Moore, Professor Laurence
Authors: Lien, N., Haerens, L., te Velde, S. J., Mercken, L., Klepp, K.-I., Moore, L., Bourdeaudhuij, I. d., Faggiano, F., and van Lenthe, F. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
Journal Name:International Journal of Public Health
Publisher:Springer Basel
ISSN:1661-8556
ISSN (Online):1661-8564
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