Cardiac signaling molecules and plasma biomarkers after cardiac transplantation: impact of tacrolimus versus cyclosporine

White, M. et al. (2013) Cardiac signaling molecules and plasma biomarkers after cardiac transplantation: impact of tacrolimus versus cyclosporine. Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, 32(12), pp. 1222-1232. (doi: 10.1016/j.healun.2013.09.010)

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Abstract

Background: We investigated cardiac proinflammatory, mitogenic, and apoptotic signaling events, and plasma biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress in de novo adult cardiac transplant (CTX) patients receiving tacrolimus (TAC) or cyclosporine A (CsA).<p></p> Methods: One hundred CTX recipients were randomized 1:1 to TAC/CsA in a prospective, randomized open-label multicenter study. Biomarkers of inflammation, immunity, oxidative stress, and cardiac signaling underlying growth and inflammation (extracellular signal–related kinase 1/2, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinases [MEK] 1/2 and 3/6, c-Src), and apoptosis and survival (c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases [JNK], Bax/Bcl2, Akt) were assessed at 2, 4, 12, 26, and 52 weeks post-CTX. Plasma from healthy controls (n = 30) and tissue from explanted non-failing hearts (n = 6) were used as controls.<p></p> Results: Biomarkers of inflammation/immunity (interleukin -6 and -18, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule, E-selectin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, osteopontin, fibrinogen, N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide, high-sensitive C-reactive protein) and oxidative stress (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, nitrotyrosine) were increased, and antioxidant capacity was (glutathione/glutathione disulfide) decreased in patients vs healthy controls (p < 0.05). Phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases and Akt was increased, and Bax/Bcl was decreased in transplanted vs non-transplanted hearts. Except for plasma fibrinogen, which was lower in TAC vs CsA, (p = 0.01), there were no significant differences in parameters studied between TAC vs CsA immunoprophylaxis.<p></p> Conclusions: De novo CTX recipients exhibit significant sub-clinical inflammation and oxidative stress that persists 12 months after transplantation. Associated with this is activation of myocardial growth and inflammatory signaling and decreased apoptosis. Our findings suggest that CTX is an inflammatory condition associated with oxidative stress and myocardial growth regardless of CsA or TAC immunoprophylaxis and independently of rejection status.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: White, M., Cantin, B., Haddad, H., Kobashigawa, J.A., Ross, H., Carrier, M., Pflugfelder, P.W., Isaac, D., Cecere, R., Whittom, L., Ali, I.S., Wang, S., He, Y., Groulx, A., and Touyz, R.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
ISSN:1053-2498
ISSN (Online):1053-2498

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