Bidirectional lipid droplet velocities are controlled by differential binding strengths of HCV Core DII protein

Jhaveri, R., Lyn, R.K., Hope, G., Sherratt, A.R., McLauchlan, J. and Pezacki, J.P. (2013) Bidirectional lipid droplet velocities are controlled by differential binding strengths of HCV Core DII protein. PLoS ONE, 8(11), e78065. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0078065)

[img]
Preview
Text
88258.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

5MB

Abstract

Host cell lipid droplets (LD) are essential in the hepatitis C virus (HCV) life cycle and are targeted by the viral capsid core protein. Core-coated LDs accumulate in the perinuclear region and facilitate viral particle assembly, but it is unclear how mobility of these LDs is directed by core. Herein we used two-photon fluorescence, differential interference contrast imaging, and coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopies, to reveal novel core-mediated changes to LD dynamics. Expression of core protein’s lipid binding domain II (DII-core) induced slower LD speeds, but did not affect directionality of movement on microtubules. Modulating the LD binding strength of DII-core further impacted LD mobility, revealing the temporal effects of LD-bound DII-core. These results for DII-core coated LDs support a model for core-mediated LD localization that involves core slowing down the rate of movement of LDs until localization at the perinuclear region is accomplished where LD movement ceases. The guided localization of LDs by HCV core protein not only is essential to the viral life cycle but also poses an interesting target for the development of antiviral strategies against HCV.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hope, Dr Graham and McLauchlan, Professor John
Authors: Jhaveri, R., Lyn, R.K., Hope, G., Sherratt, A.R., McLauchlan, J., and Pezacki, J.P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN:1932-6203
ISSN (Online):1932-6203
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in PLoS ONE 8(11):e78065
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record