Localization of the succinate receptor in the distal nephron and its signaling in polarized MDCK cells

Robben, J.H., Fenton, R.A., Vargas, S.L., Schweer, H., Peti-Peterdi, J., Deen, P.M.T. and Milligan, G. (2009) Localization of the succinate receptor in the distal nephron and its signaling in polarized MDCK cells. Kidney International, 76(12), pp. 1258-1267. (doi: 10.1038/ki.2009.360)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ki.2009.360

Abstract

When the succinate receptor (SUCNR1) is activated in the afferent arterioles of the glomerulus it increases renin release and induces hypertension. To study its location in other nephron segments and its role in kidney function, we performed immunohistochemical analysis and found that SUCNR1 is located in the luminal membrane of macula densa cells of the juxtaglomerular apparatus in close proximity to renin-producing granular cells, the cortical thick ascending limb, and cortical and inner medullary collecting duct cells. In order to study its signaling, SUCNR1 was stably expressed in Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells, where it localized to the apical membrane. Activation of the cells by succinate caused Gq and Gi-mediated intracellular calcium mobilization, transient phosphorylation of extracellular regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and the release of arachidonic acid along with prostaglandins E2 and I2. Signaling was desensitized without receptor internalization but rapidly resensitized upon succinate removal. Immunohistochemical evidence of phosphorylated ERK1/2 was found in cortical collecting duct cells of wild type but not SUCNR1 knockout streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice, indicating in vivo relevance. Since urinary succinate concentrations in health and disease are in the activation range of the SUCNR1, this receptor can sense succinate in the luminal fluid. Our study suggests that changes in the luminal succinate concentration may regulate several aspects of renal function.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:GPCR, hypertension, MDCK, signaling, SUCNR1
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Robben, Dr Joris and Milligan, Professor Graeme
Authors: Robben, J.H., Fenton, R.A., Vargas, S.L., Schweer, H., Peti-Peterdi, J., Deen, P.M.T., and Milligan, G.
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Kidney International
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0085-2538
ISSN (Online):1523-1755
Published Online:23 September 2009
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2009 Nature Publishing Group
First Published:First published in Kidney International 76(12):1258-1267
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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