Inferring core-collapse supernova physics with gravitational waves

Logue, J., Ott, C.D., Heng, I.S. , Kalmus, P. and Scargill, J.H.C. (2012) Inferring core-collapse supernova physics with gravitational waves. Physical Review D, 86(4), Art. 044023. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.86.044023)

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Stellar collapse and the subsequent development of a core-collapse supernova explosion emit bursts of gravitational waves (GWs) that might be detected by the advanced generation of laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatories such as Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo, and LCGT. GW bursts from core-collapse supernovae encode information on the intricate multidimensional dynamics at work at the core of a dying massive star and may provide direct evidence for the yet uncertain mechanism driving supernovae in massive stars. Recent multidimensional simulations of core-collapse supernovae exploding via the neutrino, magnetorotational, and acoustic explosion mechanisms have predicted GW signals which have distinct structure in both the time and frequency domains. Motivated by this, we describe a promising method for determining the most likely explosion mechanism underlying a hypothetical GW signal, based on principal component analysis and Bayesian model selection. Using simulated Advanced LIGO noise and assuming a single detector and linear waveform polarization for simplicity, we demonstrate that our method can distinguish magnetorotational explosions throughout the Milky Way (D≲10  kpc) and explosions driven by the neutrino and acoustic mechanisms to D≲2  kpc. Furthermore, we show that we can differentiate between models for rotating accretion-induced collapse of massive white dwarfs and models of rotating iron core collapse with high reliability out to several kpc.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Heng, Professor Ik Siong
Authors: Logue, J., Ott, C.D., Heng, I.S., Kalmus, P., and Scargill, J.H.C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Physical Review D
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN (Online):1550-2368

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