Drugs or diet? - Developing novel therapeutic strategies targeting the free fatty acid family of GPCRs

Dranse, H.J., Kelly, M.E.M. and Hudson, B.D. (2013) Drugs or diet? - Developing novel therapeutic strategies targeting the free fatty acid family of GPCRs. British Journal of Pharmacology, 170(4), pp. 696-711. (doi: 10.1111/bph.12327)

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Free fatty acids (FFAs) are metabolic intermediates that may be obtained through the diet, synthesized endogenously, or produced via fermentation of carbohydrates by gut microbiota. In addition to serving as an important source of energy, FFAs are known to produce a variety of both beneficial and detrimental effects on metabolic and inflammatory processes. While historically, FFAs were believed to produce these effects only through intracellular targets such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, it has now become clear that FFAs are also agonists for several GPCRs, including a family of four receptors now termed FFA1-4. Increasing evidence suggests that FFA1-4 mediate many of the beneficial properties of FFAs and not surprisingly, this has generated significant interest in the potential of these receptors as therapeutic targets for the treatment of a variety of metabolic and inflammatory disorders. In addition to the traditional strategy of developing small-molecule therapeutics targeting these receptors, there has also been some consideration given to alternate therapeutic approaches, specifically by manipulating endogenous FFA concentrations through alteration of either dietary intake, or production by gut microbiota. In this review, the current state of knowledge for FFA1-4 will be discussed, together with their potential as therapeutic targets in the treatment of metabolic and inflammatory disorders. In particular, the evidence in support of small molecule versus dietary and microbiota-based therapeutic approaches will be considered to provide insight into the development of novel multifaceted strategies targeting the FFA receptors for the treatment of metabolic and inflammatory disorders.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hudson, Dr Brian
Authors: Dranse, H.J., Kelly, M.E.M., and Hudson, B.D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:British Journal of Pharmacology
ISSN (Online):1476-5381

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