Ethane steam reforming over a platinum/alumina catalyst: effect of sulphur poisoning

Gillan, C., Fowles, M., French, S. and Jackson, S. (2013) Ethane steam reforming over a platinum/alumina catalyst: effect of sulphur poisoning. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 52(37), pp. 13350-13356. (doi:10.1021/ie401999t)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie401999t

Abstract

In this study we have examined the adsorption of hydrogen sulfide and methanethiol over platinum catalysts and examined the effect of these poisons on the steam reforming of ethane. Adsorption of hydrogen sulfide was measured at 293 and 873 K. At 873 K the adsorbed state of hydrogen sulfide in the presence of hydrogen was SH rather than S, even though the Pt:S ratio was unity. The effect of 11.2 ppm hydrogen sulfide or methanethiol on the steam reforming of ethane was studied at 873 K and 20 barg. Both poisons deactivated the catalyst over a number of hours, but methanethiol was found to be more deleterious, reducing the conversion by almost an order of magnitude, possibly due to the co-deposition of sulfur and carbon. Changes in the selectivity revealed that the effect of sulfur was not uniform on the reactions occurring, with the production of methane reduced proportionally more than the other products, due to the surface sensitivity of the hydrogenolysis and methanation reactions. The water-gas shift reaction was affected to a lesser extent. No regeneration was observed when hydrogen sulfide was removed from the feedstream in agreement with adsorption studies. A slight regeneration was observed when methanethiol was removed from the feed, but this was believed to be due to the removal of carbon rather than sulfur. The overall effect of sulfur poisoning was to reduce activity and enhance hydrogen selectivity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jackson, Professor David and Gillan, Miss Claire
Authors: Gillan, C., Fowles, M., French, S., and Jackson, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0888-5885
ISSN (Online):1520-5045
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 52(37):13350-13356
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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