Negative regulation of TLX by IL-1β correlates with an inhibition of adult hippocampal neural precursor cell proliferation

Ryan, S.M., O’Keeffe, G.W., O'Connor, C., Keeshan, K. and Nolan, Y.M. (2013) Negative regulation of TLX by IL-1β correlates with an inhibition of adult hippocampal neural precursor cell proliferation. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 33, pp. 7-13. (doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2013.03.005)

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Abstract

Adult hippocampal neurogenesis is modulated by a number of intrinsic and extrinsic factors including local signalling molecules, exercise, aging and inflammation. Inflammation is also a major contributor to several hippocampal-associated disorders. Interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) is the most predominant pro-inflammatory cytokine in the brain, and an increase in its concentration is known to decrease the proliferation of both embryonic and adult hippocampal neural precursor cells (NPCs). Recent research has focused on the role of nuclear receptors as intrinsic regulators of neurogenesis, and it is now established that the orphan nuclear receptor TLX is crucial in maintaining the NPC pool in neurogenic brain regions. To better understand the involvement of TLX in IL-1β-mediated effects on hippocampal NPC proliferation, we examined hippocampal NPC proliferation and TLX expression in response to IL-1β treatment in an adult rat hippocampal neurosphere culture system. We demonstrate that IL-1β reduced the proliferation of hippocampal NPCs and TLX expression in a dose and time-dependent manner and that co-treatment with IL-1β receptor antagonist or IL-1 receptor siRNA prevented these effects. We also report a dose-dependent effect of IL-1β on the composition of cell phenotypes in the culture and on expression of TLX in these cells. This study thus provides evidence of an involvement of TLX in IL-1β-induced changes in adult hippocampal neurogenesis, and offers mechanistic insight into disorders in which neuroinflammation and alterations in neurogenesis are characteristic features.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Keeshan, Dr Karen and O'Connor, Ms Caitriona
Authors: Ryan, S.M., O’Keeffe, G.W., O'Connor, C., Keeshan, K., and Nolan, Y.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
ISSN:0889-1591
ISSN (Online):1090-2139

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