Metamorphic reactions in the biotite zone, eastern Scotland: high thermal gradients, metasomatism and cleavage formation

Dempster, T.J., Fallick, A.E. and Whittemore, C.J. (2000) Metamorphic reactions in the biotite zone, eastern Scotland: high thermal gradients, metasomatism and cleavage formation. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 138(4), pp. 348-363. (doi: 10.1007/s004100050568)

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Prograde metamorphic reactions involving the growth of phyllosilicates and accompanying cleavage development have been investigated in Dalradian metasediments from the biotite zone of eastern Scotland. Crystallization of muscovite within the psammites of the Southern Highland Group is linked to the replacement of plagioclase porphyroclasts. This reaction is triggered by significant alkali metasomatism during active deformation and plays an important role in the formation of a pi-eminent spaced cleavage within the psammites. The Si content of most of these early-formed muscovites is partially buffered by the quartz content of the rock. although close to the Highland Boundary Fault, evidence of greater influence from externally derived fluids on muscovite compositions is preserved. Locally higher fluid fluxes adjacent to the fault are also indicated by a relatively high delta(18)O((SMOW)), signature in the rocks. The biotite-producing reaction in these greenschist-facies rocks is linked to the later production of a celadonite-poor muscovite which formed as over growths around preexisting white micas. This reaction is sensitive to the initial composition of muscovite and preferentially occurs in quartz-rich metasediments containing a celadonite-rich muscovite. A systematic increase in the progress of the biotite-producing reaction northwards across the biotite zone confirms the presence of high geothermal gradients along the southern margin of the Dalradian block, adjacent Co the Highland Boundary Fault.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Fallick, Professor Anthony and Dempster, Dr Tim
Authors: Dempster, T.J., Fallick, A.E., and Whittemore, C.J.
Subjects:Q Science > QE Geology
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

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