Role of an intramammary device in protection against experimentally induced staphylococcal mastitis in ewes

Penades, J.R. , Albizu, I., Baselga, R., Marco, J., Barberán, M. and Amorena, B. (1993) Role of an intramammary device in protection against experimentally induced staphylococcal mastitis in ewes. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 54(5), pp. 732-737.

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Publisher's URL: http://avmajournals.avma.org/loi/ajvr

Abstract

An intramammary device (IMD) was adapted for use in ewes; this device was made of abraded polyethylene material (1.7 mm in diameter, 47 mm long) and formed a 15-mm-diameter loop in the gland cistern. The IMD was inserted in 1 gland in each of 43 ewes. A significant (P < 0.0001) increase in milk somatic cell count (SCC) was observed in glands provided with an IMD. This increase was attributable to an increase in neutrophil numbers and was observed during the first 12 weeks after insertion. The IMD had a protective effect against experimentally induced staphylococcal mastitis (Staphylococcus aureus and S epidermidis), although different milk SCC were required for protection from each bacterial species in most ewes (10(6) and 2 x 10(5) cells/ml, respectively). Histologic studies revealed that the IMD induced local squamous metaplasia in the glandular part of the lactiferous sinus. Erythrocytes were found in milk from glands provided with an IMD throughout the studied period (35 days of the 45-day lactation) and, in some cases, blood clots were observed during the first 2 weeks of lactation. Glands with IMD also had lower milk production and quality at 30 and 32 days of lactation. Eight ewes with IMD were studied throughout a subsequent lactation. Milk from the IMD-containing glands had an increase in SCC, as in the previous lactation period; did not contain blood clots or erythrocytes; and had normal composition (similar to that in glands without the IMD).

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Penades, Professor Jose R
Authors: Penades, J.R., Albizu, I., Baselga, R., Marco, J., Barberán, M., and Amorena, B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:American Journal of Veterinary Research
ISSN:0002-9645
ISSN (Online):1943-5681

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