Bap, a Staphylococcus aureus surface protein involved in biofilm formation

Cucarella, C., Solano, C., Valle, J., Amorena, B., Lasa, I. and Penades, J.R. (2001) Bap, a Staphylococcus aureus surface protein involved in biofilm formation. Journal of Bacteriology, 183(9), pp. 2888-2896. (doi:10.1128/JB.183.9.2888-2896.2001)

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Abstract

Identification of new genes involved in biofilm formation is needed to understand the molecular basis of strain variation and the pathogenic mechanisms implicated in chronic staphylococcal infections. A biofilm-producing Staphylococcus aureus isolate was used to generate biofilm-negative transposon (Tn917) insertion mutants. Two mutants were found with a significant decrease in attachment to inert surfaces (early adherence), intercellular adhesion, and biofilm formation. The transposon was inserted at the same locus in both mutants. This locus (bap [for biofilm associated protein]) encodes a novel cell wall associated protein of 2,276 amino acids (Bap), which shows global organizational similarities to surface proteins of gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa andSalmonella enterica serovar Typhi) and gram-positive (Enteroccocus faecalis) microorganisms. Bap's core region represents 52% of the protein and consists of 13 successive nearly identical repeats, each containing 86 amino acids. bap was present in a small fraction of bovine mastitis isolates (5% of the 350S. aureus isolates tested), but it was absent from the 75 clinical human S. aureus isolates analyzed. All staphylococcal isolates harboring bap were highly adherent and strong biofilm producers. In a mouse infection modelbap was involved in pathogenesis, causing a persistent infection.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Penades, Professor Jose R
Authors: Cucarella, C., Solano, C., Valle, J., Amorena, B., Lasa, I., and Penades, J.R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Bacteriology
ISSN:0021-9193
ISSN (Online):1098-5530

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