Role of Staphylococcal phage and SaPI integrase in intra- and interspecies SaPI transfer

Maiques, E., Ubeda, C., Tormo, M.A., Ferrer, M.D., Lasa, I., Novick, R.P. and Penades, J.R. (2007) Role of Staphylococcal phage and SaPI integrase in intra- and interspecies SaPI transfer. Journal of Bacteriology, 189(15), pp. 5608-5616. (doi:10.1128/JB.00619-07)

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Abstract

SaPIbov2 is a member of the SaPI family of staphylococcal pathogenicity islands and is very closely related to SaPIbov1. Typically, certain temperate phages can induce excision and replication of one or more of these islands and can package them into special small phage-like particles commensurate with their genome sizes (referred to as the excision-replication-packaging [ERP] cycle). We have studied the phage-SaPI interaction in some depth using SaPIbov2, with special reference to the role of its integrase. We demonstrate here that SaPIbov2 can be induced to replicate by different staphylococcal phages. After replication, SaPIbov2 is efficiently encapsidated and transferred to recipient organisms, including different non-Staphylococcus aureus staphylococci, where it integrates at a SaPI-specific attachment site, attC, by means of a self-coded integrase (Int). Phages that cannot induce the SaPIbov2 ERP cycle can transfer the island by recA-dependent classical generalized transduction and can also transfer it by a novel mechanism that requires the expression of SaPIbov2 int in the recipient but not in the donor. It is suggested that this mechanism involves the encapsidation of standard transducing fragments containing the intact island followed by int-mediated excision, circularization, and integration in the recipient.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Penades, Professor Jose R
Authors: Maiques, E., Ubeda, C., Tormo, M.A., Ferrer, M.D., Lasa, I., Novick, R.P., and Penades, J.R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Bacteriology
ISSN:0021-9193
ISSN (Online):1098-5530

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