Structure–function analysis of the SaPIbov1 replication origin in Staphylococcus aureus

Ubeda, C., Tormo-Más, M.Á., Penades, J.R. and Novick, R.P. (2012) Structure–function analysis of the SaPIbov1 replication origin in Staphylococcus aureus. Plasmid, 67(2), pp. 183-190. (doi: 10.1016/j.plasmid.2012.01.006)

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The SaPIs and their relatives are phage satellites and are unique among the known bacterial pathogenicity islands in their ability to replicate autonomously. They possess a phage-like replicon, which is organized as two sets of iterons arrayed symmetrically to flank an AT-rich region that is driven to melt by the binding of a SaPI-specific initiator (Rep) to the flanking iterons. Extensive deletion analysis has revealed that Rep can bind to a single iteron, generating a simple shift in a gel mobility assay; when bound on both sides, a second retarded band is seen, suggesting independent binding. Binding to both sites of the ori is necessary but not sufficient to melt the AT-rich region and initiate replication. For these processes, virtually the entire origin must be present. Since SaPI replication can be initiated on linear DNA, it is suggested that bilateral binding may be necessary to constrain the intervening DNA to enable Rep-driven melting.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Penades, Prof Jose R
Authors: Ubeda, C., Tormo-Más, M.Á., Penades, J.R., and Novick, R.P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Plasmid
ISSN (Online):1095-9890

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