Electrically controlled giant piezoresistance in silicon nanowires

Neuzil, P., Wong, C.C. and Reboud, J. (2010) Electrically controlled giant piezoresistance in silicon nanowires. Nano Letters, 10(4), pp. 1248-1252. (doi:10.1021/nl9037856)

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Abstract

Herein we demonstrate giant piezoresistance in silicon nanowires (NWs) by the modulation of an electric field-induced with an external electrical bias. Positive bias for a p-type device (negative for an n-type) partially depleted the NWs forming a pinch-off region, which resembled a funnel through which the electrical current squeezed. This region determined the total current flowing through the NWs. In this report, we combined the electrical biasing with the application of mechanical stress, which impacts the charge carriers’ concentration, to achieve an electrically controlled giant piezoresistance in nanowires. This phenomenon was used to create a stress-gated field-effect transistor, exhibiting a maximum gauge factor of 5000, 2 orders of magnitude increase over bulk value. Giant piezoresistance can be tailored to create highly sensitive mechanical sensors operating in a discrete mode such as nanoelectromechanical switches.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wong, Prof Cecilia and Reboud, Dr Julien
Authors: Neuzil, P., Wong, C.C., and Reboud, J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Nano Letters
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1530-6984
ISSN (Online):1530-6992

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