Impact of treatment intensity on suicidal behavior and depression in borderline personality disorder: a critical review

Davidson, K. M. and Tran, C. F. (2014) Impact of treatment intensity on suicidal behavior and depression in borderline personality disorder: a critical review. Journal of Personality Disorders, 28(2), pp. 181-197. (doi: 10.1521/pedi_2013_27_113)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2013_27_113

Abstract

The effectiveness of less versus more intensive psychological therapies in reducing suicidal behavior and depression in suicidal patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) was examined. Electronic databases were searched. Trials were separated into less versus more intensive therapies. Suicidal acts and depression outcome data were assessed. Six trials met search criteria (cognitive-behavioral therapy for personality disorder, mentalization-based therapy, dialectical behavior therapy). Seven measures of suicidal acts and two measures of depression were used in studies. Both less and more intensive therapies report significant decreases in suicidal behaviors. Apart from one small trial, both less and more intensive therapies report decreases in depression with no differences between therapies and control conditions. Two follow-up studies showed that reductions in suicidal behavior and depression are maintained over time. The authors conclude that both less and more intensive therapies are effective in treating depression and suicidal behaviors in patients with BPD. Clinicians should deliver the least intensive interventions that will provide these significant health gains.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tran, Miss Cathy and Davidson, Professor Kate
Authors: Davidson, K. M., and Tran, C. F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Journal of Personality Disorders
Publisher:Guilford Press
ISSN:0885-579X
ISSN (Online):1943-2763

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