The oxygen isotope evolution of parent body aqueous solutions as recorded by multiple carbonate generations in the Lonewolf Nunataks 94101 CM2 carbonaceous chondrite

Lee, M.R. , Sofe, M.R., Lindgren, P., Starkey, N.A. and Franchi, I.A. (2013) The oxygen isotope evolution of parent body aqueous solutions as recorded by multiple carbonate generations in the Lonewolf Nunataks 94101 CM2 carbonaceous chondrite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 121, pp. 452-466. (doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2013.07.010)

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The CM2 carbonaceous chondrite LON 94101 contains aragonite and two generations of calcite that provide snapshots of the chemical and isotopic evolution of aqueous solutions during parent body alteration. Aragonite was the first carbonate to crystallize. It is rare, heterogeneously distributed within the meteorite matrix, and its mean oxygen isotope values are δ18O 39.9±0.6‰, Δ17O -0.3±1.0‰ (1σ). Calcite precipitated very soon afterwards, and following a fall in solution Mg/Ca ratios, to produce small equant grains with a mean oxygen isotope value of δ18O 37.5±0.7‰, Δ17O 1.4±1.1‰ (1σ). These grains were partially or completely replaced by serpentine and tochilinite prior to precipitation of the second generation of calcite, which occluded an open fracture to form a millimeter-sized vein, and replaced anhydrous silicates within chondrules and the matrix. The vein calcite has a mean composition of δ18O 18.4±0.3‰, Δ17O -0.5±0.5‰ (1σ). Petrographic and isotopic results therefore reveal two discrete episodes of mineralization that produced Ca-carbonates with contrasting δ18O, but whose Δ17O values are indistinguishable within error. The aragonite and equant calcite crystallized over a relatively brief period early in the aqueous alteration history of the parent body, and from static fluids that were evolving chemically in response to mineral dissolution and precipitation. The second calcite generation crystallized from solutions of a lower Δ17O, and a lower δ18O and/or higher temperature, which entered LON 9410 via a fracture network. As two generations of calcite whose petrographic characteristics and oxygen isotopic compositions are similar to those in LON 94101 occur in at least one other CM2, multiphase carbonate mineralization could be the typical outcome of the sequence of chemical reactions during parent body aqueous alteration. It is equally possible however that the second generation of calcite in formed in response to an event such as impact fracturing and concomitant fluid mobilisation that affected a large region of the common parent body of several CM2 meteorites. These findings show that integrated petrographic, chemical and isotopic studies can provide new insights into the mechanisms of parent body alteration including the spatial and temporal dynamics of the aqueous system.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sofe, Mr Mahmood and Lee, Professor Martin and Lindgren, Dr Paula
Authors: Lee, M.R., Sofe, M.R., Lindgren, P., Starkey, N.A., and Franchi, I.A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN (Online):1872-9533
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 121:452-466
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
491881Spatial and temporal scales of aqueous alteration in icy planetesimalsMartin LeeScience & Technologies Facilities Council (STFC)ST/G001693/1SCHOOL OF GEOGRAPHICAL & EARTH SCIENCES
602461Reconstructing thermal and fluid alteration histories of planetary materials.Martin LeeScience & Technologies Facilities Council (STFC)ST/K000942/1SCHOOL OF GEOGRAPHICAL & EARTH SCIENCES