Describing inequalities in access to employment and the associated geography of wellbeing

Gibb, K. , Osland, L. and Pryce, G. (2014) Describing inequalities in access to employment and the associated geography of wellbeing. Urban Studies, 51(3), pp. 596-613. (doi: 10.1177/0042098013498283)

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This paper addresses three questions. How unequal is access to urban employment and the wellbeing associated with it? What is the monetary value consumers place on access? How does the inequality of access correspond to the geographical pattern of unemployment? A novel approach is developed using the Osland and Pryce house price model to estimate the monetary value of access welfare (MVAW)—the wellbeing associated with living a given distance from employment, taking into account the negative externalities associated with centres of employment and the complexities that arise from the existence of multiple employment centres of varying size. It is found that: MVAW is considerably more unequal than house prices or income; MVAW contributes around 13 per cent of the average value of a house; and the spatial pattern of unemployment rates is highly inelastic with respect to both MVAW and employment, suggesting no evidence of a spatial mismatch.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pryce, Professor Gwilym and Gibb, Professor Ken
Authors: Gibb, K., Osland, L., and Pryce, G.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:Urban Studies
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN (Online):1360-063X
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 Urban Studies Journal Limited
First Published:First published in Urban Studies 51(3):596-613
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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