Assessment of candidate ocular biomarkers of ageing in a South African adult population: relationship with chronological age and systemic biomarkers

Pathai, S., Gilbert, C.E., Lawn, S.D., Weiss, H.A., Peto, T., Cook, C., Wong, T.Y. and Shiels, P.G. (2013) Assessment of candidate ocular biomarkers of ageing in a South African adult population: relationship with chronological age and systemic biomarkers. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 134(7-8), pp. 338-345. (doi:10.1016/j.mad.2013.05.002)

[img]
Preview
Text
84725.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

680kB

Abstract

Certain anatomic and functional parameters of the eye change with increasing chronological age. They may, therefore, serve as potential biomarkers of ageing. We investigated associations between four such ocular parameters (lens density, retinal vessel calibre, corneal endothelial cells and retinal nerve fibre layer thickness) and two ‘cellular’ biomarkers of ageing (leukocyte telomere length and CDKN2A expression), with frailty (a clinical correlate of biological ageing) in a population of South African adults. All ocular parameters revealed an association with either telomere length or CDKN2A expression. However, lens density was most strongly correlated with age, increased CDKN2A expression, and with frailty (p = 0.05 and 0.03, respectively). Narrow retinal arteriolar diameter, associated with increased chronological age, was also associated with increased CDK2NA expression (0.42 vs. 0.31, p = 0.02) but not with frailty. Ocular parameters may aid in determining biological age, warranting investigation in longitudinal studies.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shiels, Professor Paul
Authors: Pathai, S., Gilbert, C.E., Lawn, S.D., Weiss, H.A., Peto, T., Cook, C., Wong, T.Y., and Shiels, P.G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
Publisher:Elsevier Ireland Ltd
ISSN:0047-6374
ISSN (Online):1872-6216
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 134(7-8):338-345
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record