Developmental post-natal stress can alter the effects of pre-natal stress on the adult redox balance

Marasco, V., Spencer, K. A., Robinson, J. , Herzyk, P. and Costantini, D. (2013) Developmental post-natal stress can alter the effects of pre-natal stress on the adult redox balance. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 191, pp. 239-246. (doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2013.07.003)

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Across diverse vertebrate taxa, stressful environmental conditions during development can shape phenotypic trajectories of developing individuals, which, while adaptive in the short-term, may impair health and survival in adulthood. Regardless, the long-lasting benefits or costs of early life stress are likely to depend on the conditions experienced across differing stages of development. Here, we used the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) to experimentally manipulate exposure to stress hormones in developing individuals. We tested the hypothesis that interactions occurring between pre- and post-natal developmental periods can induce long-term shifts on the adult oxidant phenotype in non-breeding sexually mature individuals. We showed that early life stress can induce long-term alterations in the basal antioxidant defences. The magnitude of these effects depended upon the timing of glucocorticoid exposure and upon interactions between the pre- and post-natal stressful stimuli. We also found differences among tissues with stronger effects in the erythrocytes than in the brain in which the long-term effects of glucocorticoids on antioxidant biomarkers appeared to be region-specific. Recent experimental work has demonstrated that early life exposure to stress hormones can markedly reduce adult survival (Monaghan et al., 2012). Our results suggest that long-term shifts in basal antioxidant defences might be one of the potential mechanisms driving such accelerated ageing processes and that post-natal interventions during development may be a potential tool to shape the effects induced by pre-natally glucococorticoid-exposed phenotypes.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Robinson, Dr Jane and Costantini, Dr David and Herzyk, Dr Pawel and Marasco, Dr Valeria and Spencer, Dr Karen
Authors: Marasco, V., Spencer, K. A., Robinson, J., Herzyk, P., and Costantini, D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:General and Comparative Endocrinology
Publisher:Elsevier BV
ISSN (Online):1095-6840
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