Inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in periodontitis

Lappin, D.F., Kjeldsen, M., Sander, L. and Kinane, D.F. (2000) Inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in periodontitis. Journal of Periodontal Research, 35(6), pp. 369-73. (doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0765.2000.035006369.x)

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Recently, nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to be vital in inflammatory processes. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) exists in three different isoforms, two constitutively produced with physiological roles, and an inducible form, iNOS, which is involved in inflammation. This study examined the localisation of iNOS in biopsies from patients with periodontitis using immunohistochemistry, and compared these with healthy tissue biopsies. Biopsies were obtained from 16 periodontitis patients undergoing periodontal surgery and from clinically healthy tissues of 5 patients having crown lengthening procedures. The periodontitis diseased tissue demonstrated a greater level of iNOS expression than the healthy tissue. The source of iNOS in the periodontal tissues was determined by our monoclonal antibody to be the macrophage, with the endothelial cells also contributing. A role for NO in the inflammatory response of periodontal tissues is suggested, but the precise role requires further elucidation.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lappin, Dr David
Authors: Lappin, D.F., Kjeldsen, M., Sander, L., and Kinane, D.F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Journal of Periodontal Research
ISSN (Online):1600-0765

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