Effects of moderate weight loss on anginal symptoms and indices of coagulation and fibrinolysis in overweight patients with angina pectoris

Hankey, C.R., Lean, M.E.J. , Lowe, G.D.O., Rumley, A. and Woodward, M. (2002) Effects of moderate weight loss on anginal symptoms and indices of coagulation and fibrinolysis in overweight patients with angina pectoris. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56(10), pp. 1039-1045.

[img]
Preview
Text
Eu_Jo_Cl_Nutr_56(10)1039-1045_.pdf

162kB

Publisher's URL: http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/ejcn/journal/v56/n10/full/1601449a.html

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects of moderate weight loss, in overweight patients with angina, on plasma coagulation, fibrinolytic indicies and pain frequency. Design: Single- stranded 12-week dietary intervention, an individualised eating plan with quantitative advice delivered by a dietitian. Target weight loss of 0.5 kg per week. Setting: Outpatient research clinic. Subjects: Fifty-four volunteers with angina pectoris were recruited. Five subjects withdrew, so 27 males, 22 females, mean body mass index (BMI) 29.3 (s.d. 4.3) kg/m(2) and age 60.3 (s.d. 6.5) y completed the intervention. Measurements: Body weight and frequency of anginal pain. Plasma fibrinogen, red cell aggregation (RCA), viscosity, factor VII activity, plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) activity, tissue plasminogen activator antigen (t-PA), plasma cholesterol, triglyceride and insulin. Results: After the 12-week dietary intervention period, mean body weight fell by 3.5 (s.d. 2.6) kg or 4.3% (P = 0.0001), range -11.7 to +1.7 kg. Mean angina frequency fell by 1.8 (s.d. 3.6) from 3.2 to 1.4 episodes/week (P = 0.009) and plasma cholesterol by 0.4 (s.d. 0.7) from 6.3 to 5.9 mmol/1 (P = 0.0001). HDL cholesterol and triglyceride were unchanged. Of the coagulation and fibrinolytic factors, factor VII activity and RCA were significantly reduced by 5 (s.d. 20), IU/dl (P = 0.04) and 1.3 (s.d. 1.3) arbitrary units (P = 0.014), respectively. Conclusions: A conventional dietetic intervention, resulting in 4% weight loss, offers the potential to reduce atherosclerotic and thrombotic risk, and to reduce pain frequency, in angina patients. Given the importance of this result in a public health context, these results indicate that this may be a fruitful area for future nutrition research.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Woodward, Professor Mark and Lean, Professor Michael and Rumley, Dr Ann and Hankey, Dr Catherine and Lowe, Professor Gordon
Authors: Hankey, C.R., Lean, M.E.J., Lowe, G.D.O., Rumley, A., and Woodward, M.
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Q Science > QP Physiology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
Journal Name:European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0954-3007
Copyright Holders:©Nature Publishing Group
First Published:First published in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition56(10):1039-1045
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record