Samples with high virus load cause a trend toward lower signal in feline coronavirus antibody tests

Meli, M.L., Burr, P., decaro, N., Graham, E., Jarrett, O., Lutz, H., McDonald, M. and Addie, D.D. (2013) Samples with high virus load cause a trend toward lower signal in feline coronavirus antibody tests. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 15(4), pp. 295-299. (doi: 10.1177/1098612X12467995)

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Abstract

Measurement of feline coronavirus (FCoV) antibody titres is utilised mainly for diagnosing feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) and for quarantine purposes. However, occasional samples show a falsely low or negative FCoV antibody test. We tested the hypothesis that such results are due to virus in the sample binding antibody and rendering it unavailable to antigen in the test. Thirteen effusions, one plasma and three undefined samples from cats with FIP, which gave unexpectedly low FCoV antibody titres, were examined by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Increasing amounts of virus correlated with lower signals in indirect immunoflourescent, enzyme-linked immunosorbent asssay and rapid immunomigration antibody tests. However, five samples were negative by RT-PCR, so the presence of virus alone may not explain all cases of false-negative FCoV antibody tests, although it is a possible explanation in 71% of discordant samples. We conclude that falsely low or negative FCoV antibody tests can occur in samples rich in virus.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Graham, Dr Libby and Addie, Dr Diane and McDonald, Mr Mike
Authors: Meli, M.L., Burr, P., decaro, N., Graham, E., Jarrett, O., Lutz, H., McDonald, M., and Addie, D.D.
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
ISSN:1098-612X
ISSN (Online):1532-2750

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