Strain localization and fabric evolution in sand

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2013) Strain localization and fabric evolution in sand. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 50(22-23), pp. 3634-3648. (doi:10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2013.07.005)

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Abstract

Strain localization is frequently observed in sand and is considered an important precursor related to major geohazards such as landslides, debris flow and failure of relevant geo-structures. This paper presents a numerical study on strain localization in sand, with a special emphasis on the influence of soil fabric and its evolution on the initiation and development of shear band. In particular, a critical state sand plasticity model accounting for the effect of fabric and its evolution is used in the finite element analysis of plane strain compression tests. It is found that the initiation of shear band is controlled by the initial fabric, while the development of shear band is governed by two competing physical mechanisms, namely, the structural constraint and the evolution of fabric. The evolution of fabric generally makes the sand response more coaxial with the applied load, while the structural constraint induced by the sample ends leads to more inhomogeneous deformation within the sand sample when the initial fabric is non-coaxial with the applied stress. In the case of smooth boundary condition, structural constraint dominates over the fabric evolution and leads to the formation of a single shear band. When the boundary condition is rough, the structural constraint may play a comparable role with fabric evolution, which leads to symmetric cross-shape shear bands. If the fabric is prohibited from evolving in the latter case, a cross-shape shear band pattern is found with the one initiated first by the structural constraint dominant over the second one. In all cases, significantly larger dilation and fabric evolution are observed inside the shear band than outside. The simulated shear band orientation coincides with the Roscoe’s angle for cases with high confining pressure and lies in between the Roscoe’s angle and Arthur’s angle for the low confining pressure cases.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gao, Dr Zhiwei
Authors: Gao, Z., and Zhao, J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:International Journal of Solids and Structures
ISSN:0020-7683
ISSN (Online):1879-2146

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