The reduction of intoxication and disorder in premises licensed to serve alcohol: An exploratory randomised controlled trial

Moore, S.C., Brennan, I.R., Murphy, S., Byrne, E., Moore, S.N., Shepherd, J.P. and Moore, L. (2010) The reduction of intoxication and disorder in premises licensed to serve alcohol: An exploratory randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 10, 607. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-607) (PMID:20946634) (PMCID:PMC2966462)

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Abstract

Background: Licensed premises offer a valuable point of intervention to reduce alcohol-related harm.

Objective: To describe the research design for an exploratory trial examining the feasibility and acceptability of a premises-level intervention designed to reduce severe intoxication and related disorder. The study also aims to assess the feasibility of a potential future large scale effectiveness trial and provide information on key trial design parameters including inclusion criteria, premises recruitment methods, strategies to implement the intervention and trial design, outcome measures, data collection methods and intra-cluster correlations.

Design: A randomised controlled trial in licensed premises that had experienced at least one assault in the year preceding the intervention, documented in police or hospital Emergency Department (ED) records. Premises were recruited from four study areas by piloting four recruitment strategies of varying intensity. Thirty two licensed premises were grouped into matched pairs to reduce potential bias and randomly allocated to the control or intervention condition. The study included a nested process evaluation to provide information on intervention acceptability and implementation. Outcome measures included police-recorded violent incidents, assault-related attendances at each premises' local ED and patron Breath Alcohol Concentration assessed on exiting and entering study premises.

Results: The most successful recruitment method involved local police licensing officers and yielded a 100% success rate. Police-records of violence provided the most appropriate source of data about disorder at the premises level.

Conclusion: The methodology of an exploratory trial is presented and despite challenges presented by the study environment it is argued an exploratory trial is warranted. Initial investigations in recruitment methods suggest that study premises should be recruited with the assistance of police officers. Police data were of sufficient quality to identify disorder and street surveys are a feasible method for measuring intoxication at the individual level.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Moore, Professor Laurence
Authors: Moore, S.C., Brennan, I.R., Murphy, S., Byrne, E., Moore, S.N., Shepherd, J.P., and Moore, L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
Journal Name:BMC Public Health
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2458
ISSN (Online):1471-2458
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2010 The Authors
First Published:First published in BMC Public Health 10:607
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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