Effect of air pollution and racism on ethnic differences in respiratory health among adolescents living in an urban environment

Astell-Burt, T., Maynard, M. J., Lenguerrand, E., Whitrow, M. J., Molaodi, O. R. and Harding, S. (2013) Effect of air pollution and racism on ethnic differences in respiratory health among adolescents living in an urban environment. Health and Place, 23, pp. 171-178. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.07.004) (PMID:23933797) (PMCID:PMC3783902)

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Abstract

Recent studies suggest that stress can amplify the harm of air pollution. We examined whether experience of racism and exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of less than 2.5 µm and 10 µm (PM2.5 and PM10) had a synergistic influence on ethnic differences in asthma and lung function across adolescence. Analyses using multilevel models showed lower forced expiratory volume (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and lower rates of asthma among some ethnic minorities compared to Whites, but higher exposure to PM2.5, PM10 and racism. Racism appeared to amplify the relationship between asthma and air pollution for all ethnic groups, but did not explain ethnic differences in respiratory health.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Molaodi, Dr Oarabile and Harding, Professor Seeromanie and Lenguerrand, Dr Erik
Authors: Astell-Burt, T., Maynard, M. J., Lenguerrand, E., Whitrow, M. J., Molaodi, O. R., and Harding, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
Journal Name:Health and Place
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1353-8292
ISSN (Online):1873-2054
Published Online:20 July 2013
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in Health and Place 23:171-178
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
656561Top of Form Ethnicity and health Bottom of FormSeeromanie HardingMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/1IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU