Distribution of physical activity facilities in Scotland by small area measures of deprivation and urbanicity

Lamb, K.E., Ferguson, N.S., Wang, Y.-Y., Ogilvie, D. and Ellaway, A. (2010) Distribution of physical activity facilities in Scotland by small area measures of deprivation and urbanicity. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7, p. 76. (doi:10.1186/1479-5868-7-76)

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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the distribution of physical activity facilities by area-level deprivation in Scotland, adjusting for differences in urbanicity, and exploring differences between and within the four largest Scottish cities.

Methods: We obtained a list of all recreational physical activity facilities in Scotland. These were mapped and assigned to datazones. Poisson and negative binomial regression models were used to investigate associations between the number of physical activity facilities relative to population size and quintile of area-level deprivation.

Results: The results showed that prior to adjustment for urbanicity, the density of all facilities lessened with increasing deprivation from quintiles 2 to 5. After adjustment for urbanicity and local authority, the effect of deprivation remained significant but the pattern altered, with datazones in quintile 3 having the highest estimated mean density of facilities. Within-city associations were identified between the number of physical activity facilities and area-level deprivation in Aberdeen and Dundee, but not in Edinburgh or Glasgow.

Conclusions: In conclusion, area-level deprivation appears to have a significant association with the density of physical activity facilities and although overall no clear pattern was observed, affluent areas had fewer publicly owned facilities than more deprived areas but a greater number of privately owned facilities.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lamb, Dr Karen and Ellaway, Dr Anne and Wang, Dr Ying-Ying
Authors: Lamb, K.E., Ferguson, N.S., Wang, Y.-Y., Ogilvie, D., and Ellaway, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1479-5868
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2010 The Authors
First Published:First published in International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 7:76
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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