Human papillomavirus infections and upper aero-digestive tract cancers: the ARCAGE study

Anantharaman, D. et al. (2013) Human papillomavirus infections and upper aero-digestive tract cancers: the ARCAGE study. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 105(8), pp. 536-545. (doi:10.1093/jnci/djt053)

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Abstract

Background Human papillomavirus (HPV) is causally implicated in a subset of cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract (UADT).<p></p> Methods Associations between type-specific HPV antibodies were examined among 1496 UADT cancer case subjects and 1425 control subjects by estimating odds ratios (ORs) in logistic regression analyses adjusted for potential confounders. The agreement between serology and tumor markers of HPV infection, including presence of HPV DNA and p16 expression, were examined in a subset of tumors.<p></p> Results HPV16 L1 seropositivity was associated with increased risk of oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer (OR = 1.94, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.03 to 3.65; OR = 8.60, 95% CI = 5.21 to 14.20, respectively). HPV16 E6 antibodies were present in 30.2% of oropharyngeal case subjects and only 0.8% of control subjects (OR = 132.0, 95% CI = 65.29 to 266.86). Combined seropositivity to HPV16 E6 and E7 was rare (n = 1 of 1425 control subjects). An agreement of 67% was observed between HPV16 E6 serology and the corresponding presence of an HPV-related cancer: four of six HPV DNA-positive/p16-overexpressing tumors were HPV16 E6 antibody positive. An HPV16 independent association was observed for HPV18 and oropharyngeal cancer (OR = 8.14, 95% CI = 2.21 to 29.99 for HPV18 E6 seropositivity) and HPV6 and laryngeal cancer (OR = 3.25, 95% CI = 1.46 to 7.24 for HPV6 E7 seropositivity).<p></p> Conclusions These results confirm an important role for HPV16 infection in oropharyngeal cancer. HPV16 E6 antibodies are strongly associated with HPV16-related oropharyngeal cancers. Continuing efforts are needed to consider both HPV serology and p16 staining as biomarkers relevant to the etiology and natural history of HPV16-related oropharyngeal tumors. These results also support a marginal role for HPV18 in oropharyngeal cancer and HPV6 in laryngeal cancer.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Thakker, Prof Nalin and Conway, Professor David
Authors: Anantharaman, D., Gheit, T., Waterboer, T., Abedi-Ardekani, B., Carreira, C., McKay-Chopin, S., Gaborieau, V., Marron, M., Lagiou, P., Ahrens, W., Holcatova, I., Merletti, F., Kjaerheim, K., Talamini, R., Simonato, L., Castellsague, X., Macfarlane, T. V., Biggs, A.-M., Thakker, N., Znaor, A., Thomson, P., Canova, C., Conway, D. I., Healy, C. M., Tommasino, M., Pawlita, M., and Brennan, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Journal Abbr.:JNCI
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0027-8874
ISSN (Online):1460-2105

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