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Stable-carbon-isotope composition of fatty acids in hydrothermal vent mussels containing methanotrophic and thiotrophic bacterial endosymbionts

Pond, D.W., Bell, M.V., Dixon, D.R., Fallick, A.E., Segonzac, M., and Sargent, J.R. (1998) Stable-carbon-isotope composition of fatty acids in hydrothermal vent mussels containing methanotrophic and thiotrophic bacterial endosymbionts. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 64 (1). pp. 370-375. ISSN 0099-2240

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Publisher's URL: http://aem.asm.org/

Abstract

Fatty acid biomarker analysis coupled with gas chromatography-isotope ratio mass spectrometry was used to confirm the presence of methanotrophic and thiotrophic bacterial endosymbionts in the tissues of a hydrothermal vent mussel (Bathymodiolus sp.), collected from the Menez Gwen vent field on the mid-Atlantic ridge. Monounsaturated (n-8) fatty acids, which are diagnostic of methanotrophic bacteria, were detected in all three types of tissues examined (gill, posterior adductor, and mantle), although levels were highest in gill tissues where the bacteria were found. Stable-carbon-isotope compositions (δ-13C‰ relative to that of Peedee belemnite) of fatty acids for all three tissues ranged from -24.9 to -34.9‰, which encompasses the range predicted for both thiotroph- and methanotroph-based nutrition. The data suggest that these thio- and methanotrophic bacterial endosymbionts are equally important in the nutrition of the vent mussel at this particular vent site.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Fallick, Prof Anthony
Authors: Pond, D.W., Bell, M.V., Dixon, D.R., Fallick, A.E., Segonzac, M., and Sargent, J.R.
Subjects:Q Science > QL Zoology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH345 Biochemistry
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Applied and Environmental Microbiology
ISSN:0099-2240
ISSN (Online):1098-5336

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