Reactive attachment disorder in the general population: a hidden ESSENCE disorder

Pritchett, R., Pritchett, J., Marshall, E., Davidson, C. and Minnis, H. (2013) Reactive attachment disorder in the general population: a hidden ESSENCE disorder. Scientific World Journal, 2013, Art. 818157. (doi:10.1155/2013/818157)

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Abstract

Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is a severe disorder of social functioning. Previous research has shown that children with RAD may have poor cognitive and language abilities; however, findings mainly come from biased, institutionalised samples. This paper describes the characteristics of all children who were given a suspected or likely diagnosis of reactive attachment disorder in an epidemiological study of approximately 1,600 children investigating the prevalence of RAD in the general population. We found that children with RAD are more likely to have multiple comorbidities with other disorders, lower IQs than population norms, more disorganised attachment, more problem behaviours, and poorer social skills than would be found in the general population and therefore have a complex presentation than can be described as ESSENCE. We discuss the clinical and educational implications.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Minnis, Professor Helen and Pritchett, Miss Rachel and Davidson, Miss Claire
Authors: Pritchett, R., Pritchett, J., Marshall, E., Davidson, C., and Minnis, H.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Scientific World Journal
Publisher:Scientific World
ISSN:1537-744X
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in Scientific World Journal 2013:818157
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
514981Pilot for a study to establish prevalence of mental health problems, including Reactive Attachment Disorder, in East Glasgow Primary SchoolsHelen MinnisScottish Executive Health Department (SEHHD-CSO)CZG/2/441IHW - MENTAL HEALTH & WELLBEING