N-myristyl-Lys-Arg-Thr-Leu-Arg: a novel protein kinase C inhibitor

O'Brian, C.A., Ward, N.E., Liskamp, R.M. , de Bont, D.B. and van Boom, J.H. (1990) N-myristyl-Lys-Arg-Thr-Leu-Arg: a novel protein kinase C inhibitor. Biochemical Pharmacology, 39(1), pp. 49-57. (doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(90)90647-4)

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In view of the critical role that the Ca2+- and phospholipid-dependent enzyme protein kinase C (PKC) plays in mediating proliferative responses to a number of growth factors, hormones, and tumor promoters, it is thought that selective PKC inhibitors may provide a new class of antiproliferative drugs. Established PKC inhibitors include three major classes of agents: agents that compete with the substrate ATP, agents that compete with the protein substrate, and agents that both compete with ATP and interact with the cofactor phosphatidylserine (PS). In this report, we have characterized the interactions between PKC and N-myristyl-Lys-Arg-Thr-Leu-Arg, a myristylated analogue of a synthetic peptide substrate of PKC. We determined that the myristylated peptide was a novel PKC inhibitor that interacted with PS as well as competed with the protein substrate of PKC. The inhibitory activity of the peptide was conferred by myristylation. We found that the myristylated peptide antagonized Ca2+- and PS-activated PKC with an ic50 of 75 um, whereas the nonmyristylated peptide lacked this inhibitory activity. A fully active, Ca2+- and PS-independent catalytic fragment of PKC can be generated by limited proteolysis. Although the myristylated peptide was a very poor PKC substrate, this peptide inhibited the catalytic fragment of PKC by apparent competition with the phosphoacceptor substrate histone HIS with an ic50 of 200 μM, whereas the nonmyristylated peptide showed no inhibitory activity against the catalytic fragment. Thus, the myristylated peptide may serve as a model for the development of selective PKC inhibitors, because its inhibitory mechanism exploits the substrate specificity of PKC, as well as the novel regulation of the enzyme. Furthermore, since endogenous PKC substrates include acylated proteins, the observations that we report here concerning a myristylated synthetic peptide suggest that acylation of proteins may be important in the regulation of PKC activity in vivo.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liskamp, Professor Robert
Authors: O'Brian, C.A., Ward, N.E., Liskamp, R.M., de Bont, D.B., and van Boom, J.H.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Biochemical Pharmacology
ISSN (Online):1873-2968

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