Role of solution conformation and flexibility of short peptide ligands that bind to the p56lck SH2 domain

Dekker, F.J., de Mol, N.J., Bultinck, P., Kemmink, J., Hilbers, H.W. and Liskamp, R.M.J. (2003) Role of solution conformation and flexibility of short peptide ligands that bind to the p56lck SH2 domain. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, 11(6), pp. 941-949. (doi:10.1016/S0968-0896(02)00536-9)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

A general approach in drug design is making ligands more rigid in order to avoid loss in conformational entropy (ΔSconf) upon receptor binding. We hypothesized that in the high affinity binding of pYEEI peptide ligands to the p56lck SH2 domain this loss in ΔSconf might be diminished due to preorganization of the fourfold negatively charged pYEEI peptide in the bound, extended, conformation. A thermodynamic analysis was performed on the peptides Ac-pYEEI-NH2, Ac-pYAAI-NH2 and Ac-pYGGI-NH2 using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) competition experiments to assay affinity constants at different temperatures. To study the effect of solution conformation and flexibility a computational conformation analysis was performed from which low energy conformations in solution were calculated, and Sconf estimated. It was found that the calculated low energy conformations for especially the pYE moiety in solution resemble that in the bound state. In the calculated minimum energy conformation in solution isoleucine is bent towards the pY aromatic ring, the occurrence of such conformation is experimentally confirmed by NMR. The estimated values for Sconf of the EE- and AA-peptide were similar, suggesting no predominant role of preorganization of the solution conformation due to electrostatic repulsion. Apparently the thermodynamics obey the same entropy-enthalpy compensation relationship, which also was found to hold for other peptides and peptidomimetics binding to p60src family SH2 domains. The implications of the results for drug design are discussed.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liskamp, Professor Robert
Authors: Dekker, F.J., de Mol, N.J., Bultinck, P., Kemmink, J., Hilbers, H.W., and Liskamp, R.M.J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN:0968-0896
ISSN (Online):1464-3391

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record