Rigidified multivalent lactose molecules and their interactions with mammalian galectins: a route to selective inhibitors

Vrasidas, I., André, S., Valentini, P., Böck, C., Lensch, M., Kaltner, H., Liskamp, R.M.J. , Gabius, H.-J. and Pieters, R.J. (2003) Rigidified multivalent lactose molecules and their interactions with mammalian galectins: a route to selective inhibitors. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, 1(5), pp. 803-810. (doi:10.1039/b210923a)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b210923a

Abstract

New and rigid multivalent lactose molecules were prepared. The structures contain lactose-2-aminothiazoline units at the periphery that were formed from a cyclisation of the thiourea sulphur onto the triple bond of the spacer. The lactosides were evaluated as inhibitors against lectin binding in a solid phase inhibition assay. In this assay the glycoprotein asialofetuin was immobilized onto the surface of microtiter plate wells, mimicking cell surface presentation, while mammalian galectins-1, -3 or -5 were in solution. Between the three galectins, the folding pattern and sequence are closely related but the topology of presentation of the carbohydrate recognition domains differs. Strong multivalency effects were observed for the tetravalent lactoside in the inhibition of galectin-3 binding with enhancements of almost 4300-fold compared to lactose. Remarkable selectivity was obtained in the inhibition since relative potencies of the tetravalent lactoside with the proto type galectins-1 and -5 did not exceed a factor of 143 relative to lactose. The binding of the lactosides to galectin-3 was also studied by fluorescence spectroscopy with all components in solution. These studies showed no multivalency effects in the inherent binding affinities.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liskamp, Professor Robert
Authors: Vrasidas, I., André, S., Valentini, P., Böck, C., Lensch, M., Kaltner, H., Liskamp, R.M.J., Gabius, H.-J., and Pieters, R.J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry
ISSN:1477-0520
ISSN (Online):1477-0539

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