Structure-activity studies on the corticotropin releasing factor antagonist astressin, leading to a minimal sequence necessary for antagonistic activity

Rijkers, D.T.S., Kruijtzer, J.A.W., van Oostenbrugge, M., Ronken, E., den Hartog, J.A.J. and Liskamp, R.M.J. (2004) Structure-activity studies on the corticotropin releasing factor antagonist astressin, leading to a minimal sequence necessary for antagonistic activity. ChemBioChem, 5(3), pp. 340-348. (doi:10.1002/cbic.200300769)

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Abstract

Corticotropin Releasing Factor (CRF) antagonists are considered promising for treatment of stress-related illnesses such as major depression and anxiety-related disorders. We report here the design, synthesis and biological evaluation of 91 truncated astressin analogues in order to deduce the pharmacophoric amino acid residues. Such truncated peptides may serve as valuable lead structures for the development of new small, non-peptide-based CRF antagonists. N-Terminal truncation of astressin led to active CRF antagonists that are substantially reduced in size and are selectively active at the human CRF receptor type 1 in vitro and in vivo. Subsequently, an alanine scan in combination with further truncated derivatives led to the proposal of a new pharmacophoric model of peptide-based CRF antagonists. It was found that the astressin(27–41)C sequence is the shortest active CRF antagonist. The first eight N-terminal amino acid residues were found to be an important structural determinant and were replaceable by alanine residues, thus enhancing theα-helical propensity. A covalent structural constraint is of utmost importance for the preorganization of the C-terminal amino acid residues. The C-terminal heptapeptide sequence, however, was found to be crucial for the antagonistic activity, since substitution or deletion of any residue led to inactive compounds.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liskamp, Professor Robert
Authors: Rijkers, D.T.S., Kruijtzer, J.A.W., van Oostenbrugge, M., Ronken, E., den Hartog, J.A.J., and Liskamp, R.M.J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:ChemBioChem
ISSN:1439-4227
ISSN (Online):1439-7633

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