Inhibition of Streptococcus suis adhesion by dendritic galabiose compounds at low nanomolar concentration

Joosten, J.A.F., Loimaranta, V., Appeldoorn, C.C.M., Haataja, S., El Maate, F.., Liskamp, R.M.J. , Finne, J. and Pieters, R.J. (2004) Inhibition of Streptococcus suis adhesion by dendritic galabiose compounds at low nanomolar concentration. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 47(26), pp. 6499-6508. (doi:10.1021/jm049476+)

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Abstract

A series of mono-, di-, and tetravalent galabiose (Galα1−4Gal) compounds were synthesized in good yields by coupling of a general carboxylic acid-bearing sugar building block to dendritic scaffolds based on the 3,5-di-(2-aminoethoxy)benzoic acid branching unit. Furthermore, a poly(amidoamine)- (PAMAM-) based dendritic galabioside was synthesized containing eight galabiose units. All galabiosides were tested in a hemagglutination assay and a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) competition assay in order to establish their potency in the binding to the bacterial Gram-positive pathogen Streptococcus suis. A monovalent galabioside containing a short spacer was used as a reference compound in all the assays. Variations in the scaffold as well as in the spacer arms were introduced to determine their influence on the inhibition. The best inhibitor of hemagglutination was an octavalent galabioside with a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.3 nM, to the best of our knowledge the first example of inhibition of bacterial binding by a soluble carbohydrate at a subnanomolar concentration.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liskamp, Professor Robert
Authors: Joosten, J.A.F., Loimaranta, V., Appeldoorn, C.C.M., Haataja, S., El Maate, F.., Liskamp, R.M.J., Finne, J., and Pieters, R.J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN:0022-2623
ISSN (Online):1520-4804

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