Possibilities and limitations in the rational design of modified peptides for T cell mediated immunotherapy

de Haan, E.C., Moret, E.D., Wagenaar-Hilbers, J.P.A., Liskamp, R.M.J. and Wauben, M.H.M. (2005) Possibilities and limitations in the rational design of modified peptides for T cell mediated immunotherapy. Molecular Immunology, 42(3), pp. 365-373. (doi:10.1016/j.molimm.2004.07.015)

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Abstract

Therapeutic intervention in experimental autoimmune diseases by modulation of the T cell mediated autoimmune response has been accomplished in the past using altered peptide ligands (APLs). These peptides are usually created by applying alterations to the T cell epitope recognized by the autoaggressive T cells. In this study, we investigated whether it was possible to design APLs in a rational way, using knowledge of molecular interaction in the MHC–peptide–T cell receptor (TCR) complex, for the therapeutic intervention in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Additionally, the value of peptidomimetic modification and alterations based on posttranslational modifications for the design of APLs was examined. Based on a molecular model of the MHC-peptide complex, the T cell receptor contact residues were identified and selected alterations were applied. The designed APLs were tested for MHC binding capacity, T cell recognition, blocking of the autoreactive T cell response, immunogenicity, encephalitogenicity, and therapeutic activity. Based on the results of the in vitro assays, it was expected that some of our APLs would be able to modulate EAE. Nevertheless, none of these APLs displayed clear therapeutic activity in vivo. Thus, rational design of modified peptides for immunotherapy has to await further insights into the relationships between structure and peptide/peptidomimetic induced T cell activation, and until that, there is no possibility to take advantage of the tailor made origin of peptidomimetics.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liskamp, Professor Robert
Authors: de Haan, E.C., Moret, E.D., Wagenaar-Hilbers, J.P.A., Liskamp, R.M.J., and Wauben, M.H.M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Molecular Immunology
ISSN:0161-5890
ISSN (Online):1872-9142

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