Limited plasticity in T cell recognition of modified T cell receptor contact residues in MHC class II bound peptides

de Haan, E.C., Wagenaar-Hilbers, J.P.A., Liskamp, R.M.J. , Moret, E.D. and Wauben, M.H.M. (2005) Limited plasticity in T cell recognition of modified T cell receptor contact residues in MHC class II bound peptides. Molecular Immunology, 42(3), pp. 355-364. (doi:10.1016/j.molimm.2004.07.044)

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Abstract

The balance between specific and degenerate T cell recognition of MHC class II bound peptides is crucial for T cell repertoire selection, and holds important implications for protective immunity versus autoimmunity. To investigate the degree of degeneracy in T cell recognition, we applied selected modifications to T cell receptor (TCR) contact residue amino acids in the MHC class II bound epitope gpMBP72-85. By using glycosylated amino acids, as an example of a posttranslational modification, large alterations were applied. Small modifications were accomplished by exchanging an arginine residue for a citrulline or an ornithine residue. Finally, the unmodified TCR contact residue side chains were shifted one atom position to the left, using peptoid residues. Both these large and subtle changes in the wild type (WT) peptide caused lack of recognition by WT peptide specific monoclonal and polyclonal T cells. Furthermore, T cells specific for the modified peptides did not cross recognize the WT peptide. Using a set of additional compounds, we investigated the specificity of these T cell populations into detail. Our data reveal a strongly limited plasticity in T cell recognition, and a high specificity for TCR contact residue side chains.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liskamp, Professor Robert
Authors: de Haan, E.C., Wagenaar-Hilbers, J.P.A., Liskamp, R.M.J., Moret, E.D., and Wauben, M.H.M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Molecular Immunology
ISSN:0161-5890
ISSN (Online):1872-9142

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