Cell permeable ITAM constructs for the modulation of mediator release in mast cells

Kuil, J., Fischer, M.J.E., de Mol, N.J. and Liskamp, R.M.J. (2011) Cell permeable ITAM constructs for the modulation of mediator release in mast cells. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, 9(3), p. 820. (doi: 10.1039/c0ob00441c)

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Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is essential for high affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) mediated mast cell degranulation. Once FcεRI is stimulated, intracellular ITAM motifs of the receptor are diphosphorylated (dpITAM) and Syk is recruited to the receptor by binding of the Syk tandem SH2 domain to dpITAM, resulting in activation of Syk and, eventually, degranulation. To investigate intracellular effects of ITAM mimics, constructs were synthesized with ITAM mimics conjugated to different cell penetrating peptides, i.e. Tat, TP10, octa-Arg and K(Myr)KKK, or a lipophilic C12-chain. In most constructs the cargo and carrier were linked to each other through a disulfide bridge, which is convenient for combining different cargos with different carriers and has the advantage that the cargo and the carrier may be separated by reduction of the disulfide once it is intracellular. The ability of these ITAM constructs to label RBL-2H3 cells was assessed using flow cytometry. Fluorescence microscopy showed that the octa-Arg-SS-Flu-ITAM construct was present in various parts of the cells, although it was not homogeneously distributed. In addition, cell penetrating constructs without fluorescent labels were synthesized to examine degranulation in RBL-2H3 cells. Octa-Arg-SS-ITAM stimulated the mediator release up to 140%, indicating that ITAM mimics may have the ability to activate non-receptor bound Syk.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liskamp, Professor Robert
Authors: Kuil, J., Fischer, M.J.E., de Mol, N.J., and Liskamp, R.M.J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry
ISSN (Online):1477-0539

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