Enzymatic synthesis of activated esters and their subsequent use in enzyme-based peptide synthesis

Nuijens, T., Cusan, C., Schepers, A.C.H.M., Kruijtzer, J.A.W., Rijkers, D.T.S., Liskamp, R.M.J. and Quaedflieg, P.J.L.M. (2011) Enzymatic synthesis of activated esters and their subsequent use in enzyme-based peptide synthesis. Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, 71(1-2), pp. 79-84. (doi:10.1016/j.molcatb.2011.03.012)

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Abstract

Chemoenzymatic peptide synthesis is potentially the most cost-efficient technology for the synthesis of short and medium-sized peptides. However, there are still some limitations when challenging peptides, e.g. containing sterically demanding acyl donors, non-proteinogenic amino acids or proline residues, are to be synthesized. To remedy these limitations, special ester moieties have been used that are specifically recognized by the enzyme, e.g. guanidinophenyl, carboxamidomethyl (Cam) or trifluoroethyl (Tfe) esters, which, unfortunately, are notoriously difficult to synthesize chemically. Herein, we demonstrate that Cam and Tfe esters are very useful for Alcalase-CLEA mediated peptide synthesis using sterically demanding and non-proteinogenic acyl donors as well as poor nucleophiles, and combinations thereof. Furthermore, these esters can be efficiently synthesized by using the lipase Cal-B or Alcalase-CLEA. Finally, it is shown that the ester synthesis by Cal-B and subsequent peptide synthesis by Alcalase-CLEA can be performed simultaneously using a two-enzyme-one-pot approach with glycolamide or 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol as additive.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liskamp, Professor Robert
Authors: Nuijens, T., Cusan, C., Schepers, A.C.H.M., Kruijtzer, J.A.W., Rijkers, D.T.S., Liskamp, R.M.J., and Quaedflieg, P.J.L.M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic
ISSN:1381-1177

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