The polyphenolic and hydroxycinnamate contents of whole coffee fruits from China, India and Mexico

Mullen, W. , Nemzer, B., Stalmach, A. , Sidrah, A. and Combet, E. (2013) The polyphenolic and hydroxycinnamate contents of whole coffee fruits from China, India and Mexico. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61(22), pp. 5298-5309. (doi:10.1021/jf4003126)

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Abstract

Air dried whole coffee fruits, beans and husks from China, India and Mexico were analysed for their chlorogenic acids (CGA), caffeine, and polyphenolic content. Analysis was by HPLC and Orbitrap exact mass spectrometry. Total phenol, total flavonol and antioxidant capacity were measured. The hydroxycinnamate profile consisted of caffeoylquinic acids, feruloyquinic acids, dicaffeoylquinic acids and caffeoyl-feruloylquinic acids. A range of flavan-3-ols as well as flavonol conjugates were detected. The CGA content was similar for both Mexico and India coffee fruits but was much lower in China samples. Highest levels of flavan-3-ols were found in the Indian samples whereas Mexico samples contained the highest flavonols. Amounts of CGAs in the beans were similar to those in the whole fruits, but flavan-3-ols and flavonols were not detected. The husks contained the same range of polyphenols as in the whole fruits. Highest levels of caffeine were found in the Robusta samples.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Stalmach, Dr Angelique and Mullen, Dr Bill and Combet Aspray, Dr Emilie
Authors: Mullen, W., Nemzer, B., Stalmach, A., Sidrah, A., and Combet, E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Journal Abbr.:J. Agric. Food Chem.
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0021-8561
ISSN (Online):1520-5118
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 American Chemical Society
First Published:First published in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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