Measuring movement and location of the gastroesophageal junction: research and clinical implications

Lee, Y.Y., Whiting, J.G.H., Robertson, E.V., Derakhshan, M.H., Smith, D. and McColl, K.E.L. (2013) Measuring movement and location of the gastroesophageal junction: research and clinical implications. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, 48(4), pp. 401-411. (doi: 10.3109/00365521.2012.746394)

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Abstract

Understanding the physiology of gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) is important as failure of its function is associated with reflux disease, hiatus hernia, and cancer. In recent years, there have been impressive developments in high resolution technologies allowing measurement of luminal pressure, pH, and impedance. One obvious deficiency is the lack of technique to monitor the movement and location of the GEJ over a prolonged period of time. Proximal movement of the GEJ during peristalsis and transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations (TLESRs) is due to shortening of the longitudinal muscle of the esophagus. Techniques for measuring shortening include fluoroscopic imaging of mucosal clip, high-frequency intraluminal ultrasound, and high resolution manometry, but these techniques have limitations. Short segment reflux is recently found to be more common than traditional reflux and may account for the high prevalence of intestinal metaplasia and cancer seen at GEJ. While high resolution pHmetry is available, there is no technique that can reliably and continuously measure the position of the squamocolumnar junction. A new technique is recently reported allowing a precise and continuous measurement of the GEJ based on the principle of Hall effect. Reported studies have validated its accuracy both on the bench and against the gold standard, fluoroscopy. It has been used alongside high resolution manometry in studying the behavior of the GEJ during TLESRs and swallows. While there are challenges associated with this new technique, there are promising ongoing developments. There is exciting time ahead in research and clinical applications for this new technique.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Derakhshan, Dr Mohammad and Lee, Dr Yeong and McColl, Professor Kenneth and Robertson, Dr Elaine
Authors: Lee, Y.Y., Whiting, J.G.H., Robertson, E.V., Derakhshan, M.H., Smith, D., and McColl, K.E.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Publisher:Informa Healthcare
ISSN:0036-5521
ISSN (Online):1502-7708

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