Socioeconomic differences in weight retention, weight-related attitudes and practices in postpartum women

Shrewsbury, V.A., Robb, K.A. , Power, C. and Wardle, J. (2009) Socioeconomic differences in weight retention, weight-related attitudes and practices in postpartum women. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 13(2), pp. 231-240. (doi:10.1007/s10995-008-0342-4)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

Objective: To determine if there is a socioeconomic status (SES) gradient in postpartum weight retention in women living in the UK, and examine SES differences in weight-related attitudes and practices in the postpartum period. Methods Women (n = 2745) who had full-term live births between July and December 1999 in four London hospitals were eligible to participate in this self-report postal questionnaire study. The questionnaire included items on socio-demographic characteristics, pre-pregnancy weight, postpartum height and weight, pregnancy weight gain and duration, and postpartum weight-related attitudes (body image and weight beliefs) and practices (weight control and weight monitoring). Education was used as the indicator of SES. Results Questionnaires were returned by 954 women (35%) on average eight months postpartum. Median postpartum weight retention was 2.7 kg and was significantly higher in the medium and lower SES women (3.2 kg) than higher SES women (1.8 kg) despite no difference in pregnancy weight gain. A greater proportion of higher SES women believed they would return to their pre-pregnant weight, and they engaged in more frequent weight monitoring. There were no SES differences in body dissatisfaction or the proportion of women trying to lose weight postpartum. Conclusion In the postpartum period, women of higher SES retained less weight than women of lower SES. There were also differences in weight-related attitudes and frequency of weight monitoring across SES groups.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Robb, Dr Katie
Authors: Shrewsbury, V.A., Robb, K.A., Power, C., and Wardle, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > General Practice and Primary Care
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Maternal and Child Health Journal
ISSN:1092-7875
ISSN (Online):1573-6628
Published Online:02 May 2008

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record