Assessment scales in stroke: clinimetric and clinical considerations

Quinn, T.J. , Harrison, J.K. and McArthur, K.S. (2013) Assessment scales in stroke: clinimetric and clinical considerations. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 2013(8), pp. 201-211. (doi:10.2147/CIA.S32405) (PMID:23440256) (PMCID:PMC3578502)

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Abstract

As stroke care has developed, there has been a need to robustly assess the efficacy of interventions both at the level of the individual stroke survivor and in the context of clinical trials. To describe stroke-survivor recovery meaningfully, more sophisticated measures are required than simple dichotomous end points, such as mortality or stroke recurrence. As stroke is an exemplar disabling long-term condition, measures of function are well suited as outcome assessment. In this review, we will describe functional assessment scales in stroke, concentrating on three of the more commonly used tools: the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, the modified Rankin Scale, and the Barthel Index. We will discuss the strengths, limitations, and application of these scales and use the scales to highlight important properties that are relevant to all assessment tools. We will frame much of this discussion in the context of "clinimetric" analysis. As they are increasingly used to inform stroke-survivor assessments, we will also discuss some of the commonly used quality-of-life measures. A recurring theme when considering functional assessment is that no tool suits all situations. Clinicians and researchers should chose their assessment tool based on the question of interest and the evidence base around clinimetric properties.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Quinn, Dr Terry and Burton, Dr Jenni and McArthur, Dr Kate
Authors: Quinn, T.J., Harrison, J.K., and McArthur, K.S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Clinical Interventions in Aging
Publisher:Dove Medical Press
ISSN:1176-9092
ISSN (Online):1178-1998
Published Online:16 February 2013
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in Clinical Interventions in Aging 2013(8):201-211
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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