Vasoactive peptides in cardiovascular (patho)physiology

Callera, G., Tostes, R., Savoia, C., Muscara, M.N. and Touyz, R.M. (2007) Vasoactive peptides in cardiovascular (patho)physiology. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy, 5(3), pp. 531-552. (doi: 10.1586/14779072.5.3.531)

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Abstract

Numerous vasoactive agents play an important physiological role in regulating vascular tone, reactivity and structure. In pathological conditions, alterations in the regulation of vasoactive peptides result in endothelial dysfunction, vascular remodeling and vascular inflammation, which are important processes underlying vascular damage in cardiovascular disease. Among the many vasoactive agents implicated in vascular (patho)biology, angiotensin II (Ang II), endothelin (ET), serotonin and natriuretic peptides appear to be particularly important because of their many pleiotropic actions and because they have been identified as potential therapeutic targets in cardiovascular disease. Ang II, ET-1, serotonin and natriuretic peptides mediate effects via specific receptors, which belong to the group of G-protein-coupled receptors. ET, serotonin and Ang II are primarily vasoconstrictors with growth-promoting actions, whereas natriuretic peptides, specifically atrial, brain and C-type natriuretic peptides, are vasodilators with natriuretic effects. Inhibition of vasoconstrictor actions with drugs that block peptide receptors, compounds that inhibit enzymes that generate vasoactive peptides or agents that increase levels of natriuretic peptides are potentially valuable therapeutic tools in the management of cardiovascular diseases. This review focuses on ET, natriuretic peptides and serotonin. The properties and distribution of these vasoactive agents and their receptors, mechanisms of action and implications in cardiovascular (patho)physiology will be discussed.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Callera, G., Tostes, R., Savoia, C., Muscara, M.N., and Touyz, R.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
ISSN:1477-9072
ISSN (Online):1744-8344

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