Vortex formation on squared and rounded tip

Giuni, M. and Green, R.B. (2013) Vortex formation on squared and rounded tip. Aerospace Science and Technology, 29(1), pp. 191-199. (doi:10.1016/j.ast.2013.03.004)

Giuni, M. and Green, R.B. (2013) Vortex formation on squared and rounded tip. Aerospace Science and Technology, 29(1), pp. 191-199. (doi:10.1016/j.ast.2013.03.004)

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Abstract

The vortical flow originated from the tip of a NACA 0012 rectangular wing is described in its initial formation and development over a rounded and a squared tip. Smoke visualizations show the rolling-up kinematic and evolution of the vortical systems moving the plane towards the trailing edge. The presence of intense secondary vortices affects the primary vortex unsteadiness and shape during the formation and in the early wake. Stereoscopic Particle Image Velocimetry is used to describe vorticity, axial velocity and turbulent kinetic energy distributions of the vortex during the formation and in the early wake at different angles of attack of the wing. The rolling-up of the vorticity sheet around the vortex system is strongly influenced by the vortex shape and the intensity of secondary vortices. Turbulence coming from secondary structures and shear layers is wrapped into the roll-up of the vortex and high levels of turbulence are measured in the vortex core. However, a laminar vortex core is observed for the lower angle of attack in the early wake. Comparing the meandering of the vortex for the two wingtip geometries, two different sources of the vortex fluctuation in the wake are identified: the interaction of secondary vortices moving around the primary vortex and the rolling-up of the vorticity sheet. Lastly, measurements in the wake of the wing at zero incidence are also presented showing a distinctive counter rotating vortex pair.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Aerospace Science and Technology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication.
Keywords:Wingtip vortex, Smoke visualization, Stereoscopic Particle Image Velocimetry, Wingtip geometry, Vortex merging
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Green, Dr Richard and Giuni, Dr Michea
Authors: Giuni, M., and Green, R.B.
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Aerospace Sciences
Journal Name:Aerospace Science and Technology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1270-9638
ISSN (Online):1626-3219
Published Online:26 March 2013
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Aerospace Science and Technology 29(1):191-199
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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