Magnesium supplementation attenuates, but does not prevent, development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats

Touyz, R.M. and Milne, F.J. (1999) Magnesium supplementation attenuates, but does not prevent, development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. American Journal of Hypertension, 12(8), pp. 757-765. (doi: 10.1016/S0895-7061(99)00064-3)

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Abstract

This study evaluated the effects of magnesium supplementation on the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and assesses the actions of magnesium on extracellular and intracellular Ca2+, Na+, and K+ status. Ten-week-old SHR (n = 72) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) (n = 60) were divided into four groups: WKY, Mg-WKY (WKY receiving 650 mg/L Mg(2+)supplementation), SHR, and Mg-SHR (SHR receiving Mg2+). Rats were studied for 17 weeks. Serum and erythrocyte Mg2+ and Ca2+ (measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy) and Na+ and K+ (measured by flame photometry) were determined every 3 or 4 weeks. From 13 weeks of age, blood pressure (BP) was significantly elevated in SHR compared with age-matched WKY. BP was reduced (P < .01) in SHR after 10 weeks of Mg2+ supplementation and at 27 weeks of age, BP in SHR was 218 (12 mm Hg v 184 +/- 9 mm Hg) in Mg-SHR. From 18 weeks of age, serum and intracellular Mg2+ levels were significantly lower (P < .05) and from 21 weeks of age, erythrocyte Ca2+ was significantly higher in SHR than in WKY. Mg2+ supplementation normalized intracellular Mg2+ and Ca2+ concentrations in SHR. BP was inversely correlated with erythrocyte Mg2+ (r = -0.74, P < .01) and positively correlated with erythrocyte Ca2+ (r = 0.78, P < .001). In conclusion, long-term Mg2+ supplementation significantly attenuates, but does not prevent, the development of hypertension in SHR. Furthermore, intracellular Mg2+ deficiency and Ca2+ overload in SHR are normalized by Mg2+ treatment.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Touyz, R.M., and Milne, F.J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:American Journal of Hypertension
ISSN:0895-7061
ISSN (Online):1941-7225

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